Calluses can be described as firm thickenings of the upper layer of the skin brought about by repetitive friction. Calluses primarily occur in bony areas to shield the skin from injury or damage.
Calluses on the feet can be unsightly and less painful during the early stages of formation but can aggravate and make walking painful if not treated early enough. While advanced stages of calluses can be painful, they are more damaging to diabetics.
Symptoms of Calluses on The Feet
The most predominant symptom of calluses on the feet is the thick, rough area of skin that is in constant contact with the shoe or ground. You may also experience throbbing pain or tenderness under the skin. Addition, the skin feels waxy and dry. Other symptoms include.
- Staining of the thickened dead skin, usually characterized by red, yellow-grey or red stains
- A burning sensation
While calluses on the feet may not be a cause of concern at the initial stages, it is imperative that you see your doctor if they become inflamed and overly painful. In case you are a diabetic or have blood flow problems, consult your doctor before embarking on a self-treating regimen. Seek your doctor’s as well if.
- The callus has caused open wounds on the feet
- You have swollen feet
- You’re experiencing fever
- The area adjacent to the callus feels tender
What Causes Calluses of Feet?
Constant pressure and friction emanating from repetitive actions are the primary cause and subsequent development of calluses on the feet. Some of the most common sources of pressure and friction include:
Wearing shoes that do not feet – Tight shoes and high heels can lead to compression of areas around your foot. Equally, loose footwear may cause your foot to repeatedly slide and rub against the shoe causing calluses.
Skipping socks – Wearing sandals and shoes without socks can bring about friction on your feet same as wearing socks that don’t feet fit properly.
Other causes of calluses include:
- Bony bumps
- Being overweight
- Walking without shoes regularly
- Abnormally long metatarsal bones that are closer to the ground leading to increased pressure and friction
- An abnormal way of walking
- Taking part in athletic activities such as running without shoes
Prevention of calluses boils down to avoiding a situation that would lead to their development as outlined below:
- Wearing shoes that fit and with socks
- Adopt a proper and regular foot care regimen
- Unless at the very initial stage, avoid removing the callus by yourself or using unorthodox methods
- Seek a podiatrist’s help if your foot is deformed
- Consider wearing padded shoes or arch supports to ensure that pressure is evenly distributed when moving or standing
Typically, treating calluses involves getting rid of it in totality. It is imperative that you have the callus removed by a medical profession, particularly if the case if severe or if you have diabetes. Your doctor may apply one of the following treatment options:
- Trim away the excess skin
- Use callus removing medication
- Recommend the use of a pumice stone or callus remover
- Apply antibiotics on the affected area to reduce the risk of infection and promote healing
- Recommend the use of shoe inserts
- Surgery to correct the alignment of a bone(s) that may be the cause of friction
Calluses on the feet can be stressful and a cause of concern. However, you can easily prevent their occurrence and in case they occur, you can treat them with relative ease as outlined above. Note that it is imperative to seek treatment as soon as you notice callus on your foot.
If not addressed adequately, calluses can bring about serious problems. Calluses are unsightly and can be a cause of concern particularly if you are the type that likes to flaunt their feet.
However, getting rid of calluses doesn’t have to be such an expensive or daunting affair. The 3 ways to remove calluses naturally outlined below will help attain smooth feet enabling you to comfortably flaunt with your open shoes or sandals.
There 4 are soaking techniques that can help get rid of your calluses as outlined below:
#1. Immerse your feet in chamomile tea for about half an hour to soften the hardened skin. Your feet may be stained, but that should not be a cause of worry, you can easily wash the stains away using soap and water.
#2. Mix 3 tablespoons of baking soda with warm water and soak your feet in the concoction for about 30 minutes. The baking soda will help dissolve the dead skin and initiate the healing process.
#3. Take a piece of bread and soak it in cider vinegar for 10 minutes to form a thick paste. Apply it on the affected area before going to bed, secure it with a bandage and wrap it with a plastic sack. Let it sit overnight before rinsing it off with warm water in the morning.
#4. Mix Epsom salts with warm water and soaks your feet in the mixture. The salt helps scrub away the callus while the warm water softens your skin to effectively smoothen your feet.
You can apply two scrubbing techniques as outlined below;
#1. You can use a pumice or foot file to scrub the callus away. To increase efficiency, ensure that you have soaked the feet in the water and scrub it at the end of a shower to give the feet time to soften. Scrub the affected area in a circular motion, robustly. Keep rinsing the pumice stone and immersing it in water to get rid of the dead skin. Repeat the procedure until the callus is removed.
#2. The other scrubbing technique involves rubbing the affected area of a wet, sandy beach until you get rid of the callus build up.
Start by drying the affected area completely and ensure that the area does not come into contact with moisture. You make use a towel to dry the affected area.
After the area is completely dry sprinkle it with a negligible amount of cornstarch. In so doing, you will not only ensure the area remains dry but will also keep infections at bay.
#1. Mix one teaspoon of lemon juice with one clove of crushed garlic and one teaspoon of dried chamomile. Apply the mixture on the affected area two times every twenty fours until the callus is eliminated.
#2. Place two to three cuttings on half raisins on the affected area and let it sit overnight. Repeat the procedure every day until the intensity of your callus reduces.
#3. Sprinkle a slice of onion with a few drops of lemon and some salt. Wrap the onion on the affected area and let it sit on the affected area overnight. Repeat the procedure every day for a period of 14 days.
#4. Mix 5 pounded aspirin pills with 1/2 teaspoon lemon juice and a ¼ teaspoon to create a thick paste. Apply on the affected area, wrap it on the affected part with a wet towel and let it sit for about half an hour. Rinse the feet with warm water while rubbing the callus away using a wet pumice stone.