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Calluses can be described as firm thickenings of the upper layer of the skin brought about by repetitive friction. Calluses primarily occur in bony areas to shield the skin from injury or damage.
Calluses on the feet can be unsightly and less painful during the early stages of formation but can aggravate and make walking painful if not treated early enough.
While advanced stages of calluses can be painful, they are more damaging to diabetics.
Symptoms of Calluses on The Feet
The most predominant symptom of calluses on the feet is the thick, rough area of skin that is in constant contact with the shoe or ground.
You may also experience throbbing pain or tenderness under the skin. In addition, the skin feels waxy and dry. Other symptoms include.
- Staining of the thickened dead skin, usually characterized by red, yellow-grey or red stains
- A burning sensation
While calluses on the feet may not be a cause of concern at the initial stages, it is imperative that you see your doctor if they become inflamed and overly painful.
In case you are a diabetic or have blood flow problems, consult your doctor before embarking on a self-treating regimen. Seek your doctor’s as well if.
- The callus has caused open wounds on the feet
- You have swollen feet
- You’re experiencing fever
- The area adjacent to the callus feels tender
What Causes Calluses of Feet?
Constant pressure and friction emanating from repetitive actions are the primary cause and subsequent development of calluses on the feet. Some of the most common sources of pressure and friction include:
Wearing shoes that do not feet – Tight shoes and high heels can lead to compression of areas around your foot. Equally, loose footwear may cause your foot to repeatedly slide and rub against the shoe causing calluses.
Skipping socks – Wearing sandals and shoes without socks can bring about friction on your feet the same as wearing socks that don’t feet fit properly.
Other causes of calluses include:
- Bony bumps
- Being overweight
- Walking without shoes regularly
- Abnormally long metatarsal bones that are closer to the ground leading to increased pressure and friction
- An abnormal way of walking
- Taking part in athletic activities such as running without shoes
Prevention of calluses boils down to avoiding a situation that would lead to their development as outlined below:
- Wearing shoes that fit and with socks
- Adopt a proper and regular foot care regimen
- Unless at the very initial stage, avoid removing the callus by yourself or using unorthodox methods
- Seek a podiatrist’s help if your foot is deformed
- Consider wearing padded shoes or arch supports to ensure that pressure is evenly distributed when moving or standing
Typically, treating calluses involves getting rid of it in totality. It is imperative that you have the callus removed by a medical profession, particularly if the case if severe or if you have diabetes. Your doctor may apply one of the following treatment options:
- Trim away the excess skin
- Use callus removing medication
- Recommend the use of a pumice stone or callus remover
- Apply antibiotics on the affected area to reduce the risk of infection and promote healing
- Recommend the use of shoe inserts
- Surgery to correct the alignment of a bone(s) that may be the cause of friction
Calluses on the feet can be stressful and a cause of concern. However, you can easily prevent their occurrence and in case they occur, you can treat them with relative ease as outlined above. Note that it is imperative to seek treatment as soon as you notice callus on your foot.
If not addressed adequately, calluses can bring about serious problems. Calluses are unsightly and can be a cause of concern particularly if you are the type that likes to flaunt their feet.
However, getting rid of calluses doesn’t have to be such an expensive or daunting affair. The 3 ways to remove calluses naturally outlined below will help attain smooth feet enabling you to comfortably flaunt with your open shoes or sandals.
There 4 are soaking techniques that can help get rid of your calluses as outlined below:
#1. Immerse your feet in chamomile tea for about half an hour to soften the hardened skin. Your feet may be stained, but that should not be a cause of worry, you can easily wash the stains away using soap and water.
#2. Mix 3 tablespoons of baking soda with warm water and soak your feet in the concoction for about 30 minutes. The baking soda will help dissolve the dead skin and initiate the healing process.
#3. Take a piece of bread and soak it in cider vinegar for 10 minutes to form a thick paste. Apply it on the affected area before going to bed, secure it with a bandage and wrap it with a plastic sack. Let it sit overnight before rinsing it off with warm water in the morning.
#4. Mix Epsom salts with warm water and soaks your feet in the mixture. The salt helps scrub away the callus while the warm water softens your skin to effectively smoothen your feet.
You can apply two scrubbing techniques as outlined below;
#1. You can use a pumice or foot file to scrub the callus away. To increase efficiency, ensure that you have soaked the feet in the water and scrub it at the end of a shower to give the feet time to soften. Scrub the affected area in a circular motion, robustly. Keep rinsing the pumice stone and immersing it in water to get rid of the dead skin. Repeat the procedure until the callus is removed.
#2. The other scrubbing technique involves rubbing the affected area of a wet, sandy beach until you get rid of the callus build up. Read more on foot scrubbers.
Start by drying the affected area completely and ensure that the area does not come into contact with moisture. You make use of a towel to dry the affected area.
After the area is completely dry sprinkle it with a negligible amount of cornstarch. In so doing, you will not only ensure the area remains dry but will also keep infections at bay.
#1. Mix one teaspoon of lemon juice with one clove of crushed garlic and one teaspoon of dried chamomile. Apply the mixture on the affected area two times every twenty fours until the callus is eliminated.
#2. Place two to three cuttings on half raisins on the affected area and let it sit overnight. Repeat the procedure every day until the intensity of your callus reduces.
#3. Sprinkle a slice of onion with a few drops of lemon and some salt. Wrap the onion on the affected area and let it sit on the affected area overnight. Repeat the procedure every day for a period of 14 days.
#4. Mix 5 pounded aspirin pills with 1/2 teaspoon lemon juice and a ¼ teaspoon to create a thick paste. Apply on the affected area, wrap it on the affected part with a wet towel and let it sit for about half an hour. Rinse the feet with warm water while rubbing the callus away using a wet pumice stone.
The use of an electric callus remover to get rid of the dead, thick skin on the feet is a relatively new phenomenon.
Besides, electric callus removers come in all shapes and sizes and using them may be quite confusing particularly if you are accustomed to the pumice stone or other conventional means such as razors.
Nonetheless, most electric callus removers have simple designs to facilitate ease of use.
In a bid to help make the most of these new gadgets, here’s how to use an electric callus remover in 5 simple steps.
# Step 1 – Ensure That the Remover is Connected to a Power Source
This almost goes without saying. As the name suggests, electric callus removers run on electricity, thus before you even start using the unit, you have to make sure it is plugged to a power source.
There are some removers that run on batteries, but even then the batteries have to be charged.
While you may unplug the callus remover after the batteries are fully charged, units that solely depend on electricity have to remain connected to a power source during use.
# Step 2 – Examine the Remover’s Source of Scrubbing
The source of scrubbing may vary from one callus remover to the other. There are units that are designed to use scrubbing pads while others have roller heads.
Some scrubbing pads have coarse or fine surfaces, and so is the case with roller heads.
Whether the electric foot callus remover you are using is fitted with a pad or roller head, be sure to pass it over feet to make sure it is the most appropriate for your feet.
Additionally, ensure that the pad or head is correctly installed and feels sturdy.
# Step 3 – Soak Your Feet with Water
To increase your electric callus remover effectiveness, it is imperative that you soak your feet in the water and wash them with soap.
Besides making your foot’s surface soft, washing also gets rid of any dirt that may have accumulated on the surface.
Note that failure to remove any dirt deposits on your feet may lead to the clogging of the callus remover and significantly reduce its functionality.
The dirt may also reduce your gadget’s longevity.
# Step 4 – Switch on the Remover
Now that you have everything in place, it is time to start the process of removing callus on your feet.
Turn on the callus remover and set the correct speed depending on the severity of the callus and your skin’s tolerance.
Pass the shaver on your feet to and fro and watch as it removes the dead skin leaving your feet smooth in a matter of seconds.
# Step 5 – Rinse and Dry Your Feet
After the callus is removed, rinse your feet with warm water and pat them dry.
For a soothing effect, apply a calming cream or some lotion before slipping wearing your sandals to flaunt the smooth, callus-free feet.
Since the advent of the electric callus remover, getting rid of unwanted dead skin on the feet has never been easier.
You don’t need prior experience to use a callus remover, simply adhere to the steps outlined above, and every piece will fall into place.
Callus Remover Gels
You certainly would love to flaunt your heel, but the patches of thick dry skin on your feet will not let you.
Having calluses on your feet can be a great source of discomfort and concern, more so when you want to wear your sandals, mules or sling backs.
For starters, calluses are patches of lifeless thickened skin cells on the surface of the skin brought about by regular abrasion and pressure. Calluses can occur on any part of the skin, but are most common on the feet.
The feet are prone to calluses due to their constant exposure to friction and pressure when standing or walking. Typically, calluses occur beneath the big toe and the feet. Their development takes time and factors such wearing shoes that do not fit well or your walking style and shape of the feet (flat feet or high arched feet) as well as obesity can contribute to their onset. Depending on the severity, calluses can either be painful or painless.
To save you from the embarrassment that comes with calluses, we reveal to you the best heel callus treatment methods that can have be tried and tested with incredibly amazing results.
Causes of a Heel Callus
Before we even look at the best heel callus treatment methods, it is imperative that we delve into what causes the calluses in the first place. Some of the causes of heel callusinclude:
•Wearing Shoes that Won’t Just Fit – When you wear a shoe that is one size or less that your feet’s actual size, you are in essence creating room for the feet to rub against the shoe’s inside. Such rubbing and friction eventually lead to the creation of dead skin cells on the feet, which eventually causes heel calluses. Equally, wearing high-heeled or narrow shoes can cause calluses on your feet as well.
•Wearing Shoes Without Socks – Wrong sized socks or wearing shoes without socks can create friction, thus leading to the formation of heel calluses.
If you become cognizant to the amount of pressure you are subjecting your feet to, it is relatively easy to avoid formation of calluses on your feet. In other words, preventing a heel callus boils down to limiting the amount of pressure and friction on your feet. Some of the preventive measures you may take to keep calluses at bay include.
• Wear shoes that fit perfectly on your foot. Additionally, avoid high-heeled or narrow shoes
• Avoid skipping socks when wearing shoes
• Wrap the bony or sensitive areas on your feet with bandages to reduce the amount of friction
• If need be, wear shoes with custom inserts
• Minimize the frequency of walking barefoot and if possible avoid it altogether.
Home Remedies for Calluses
Heel calluses can be treated at home using inexpensive methods. In fact, some of the best heel callus treatment methods are homemade and natural. However, it is imperative to mention that you need to be cautious with the home treatment method you are using particularly if you are suffering from chronic illnesses such as diabetes. Such individuals are better of seeking professional advice when dealing with heel callus. Some of the home remedies of calluses include.
• Removing the dead skin in the feet before it worsens
• Conducting pedicures on a regular basis
• Use of moisturizers and gel to increase water retention of the feet and the skin around it
• Using a protective cover on the callus in a bid to lower and redistribute friction or pressure until the callus heals
• Use shoe inserts always to help reduce friction and provide lasting pressure relief
Ultimate Callus Removal Guide
Getting rid of heel callus can be hectic, particularly if you are using the wrong removal method. While calluses can be treated at home as stated above, you also have the option of using electric callus removers. Callus removers are efficient and give fast results. The choice of whether to use home treatments or electric removers is primarily based on the location of the callus. Either way, we have your back. Check out the best callus treatment guide we’ve outlined below based on the type and location of your callus.
Home Remedies – These are suitable for all types of calluses irrespective of their location. They can treat small to moderate calluses and are harmless but need to be used with caution if you are diabetic.
Electric Callus Removers – These can be used to remove moderate to large calluses located in any area. While electric callus removers can be used by diabetics, you should be careful not to burn the adjacent skin.
Callus Peels – These are suitable for moderate to large calluses on the feet and legs only. However, they are not compatible with diabetes and you should avoid them if you are diabetic.
Callus Remover Gels – Just like callus peels, these remove big and thickened calluses on the feet and legs only. They are not compatible with diabetes and should be avoided under all costs if you are diabetic.